Facts about Bones and Joints - Functioning of Human Bones with Pictures

Facts about Bones – How to Strengthen Them?

Bones are the most important parts or organs of the body. It is one of the worth-noticing facts about bones that they give the shape and structural support to your body. When you imagine how a bone executes movements, it is a quite amazing task.

Bones Pictures

There are people who suffer from severe issues in skeletal system. Injuries are common and can be treated effectively. Everyone should take extra care in keeping their bones stronger, since they are the pillar of body. And it is one of the crucial facts about bones.

In order to support your bones, there should be proper intake of milk, dairy products and vegetables. To get the stronger bones it is essential to concentrate on supplements of calcium and vitamin D. To help your bones function properly, do exercises by stretching the hands to continue the process of bone strengthening.

How Many Bones Does a Baby Have?

A newborn baby has more bones than an adult. With the growth of the body, these bones either merge or disappear altogether with the passage of time. Read how many more bones does a baby has than an adult?

Facts About Bones and Muscles:

It is one of the important facts about bones and muscles that they have a very intimate connection with each other. Bones cannot create any movement. It is the muscles that are responsible for creating different sorts of movements.

Your body can move in the absence of bones but there will be no movement if there are no muscles. Actually, the former assist the latter in creating powerful movements. These are some of the amazing facts about bones. Take the example of paralysis where the muscles top working. In that case, can you really make your body organs move?

Interesting Facts About Joints and Spine Bones:

Facts About BonesThe spine bone acts as the base and anchor for all other bones, which is vital for the skeletal framework of the body. There are 33 spine bones which are joined and work together to form the vertebral column. The 24 bones, to the top, are moveable with the remaining nine bones are fused together. The less flexible joints in the spine bones provide limited freedom of movement.

The bones in general can be classified into two types namely the compact bones and the trabecular bones. The compact bones are the denser bones, which cover 80 percent of the total body bone mass and the trabecular bones are spongy in nature. They cover the remaining 20 percent.

The largest bone of the human body is the femur which you can find in the thigh. And the smallest bone is the stirrup which forms the ears.

What Is the Only Bone That Does Not Have a Joint?

In your body, out of the 206 total number of bones, what is the only bone that does not have a joint? Hyoid is the only bone in your body which has no direct connection with any other bone. Instead, it is suspended by cords of fibrous tissues from the lower portions of the temporal bones. You call these cords of fibrous tissue as ligaments.

The hyoid bone plays a significant role in supporting the tongue and the voice box, called larynx. In addition, it also helps in the process of swallowing food bolus.

Diseases of bones

Diseases of BonesWhile discussing about the bones, it is important to discuss about the bone marrow. It is the inner layer of bone, where the red and white blood cells are produced. The structure of bone marrow is hollow and has jelly like substance, which helps in making blood and improves the immune system.

People do suffer with some common types of the bone diseases like osteoporosis, osteoarthritis, osteomalacia, exostosis, osteogenic sarcoma, Ewing's sarcoma, rickets, bone cancer, Paget disease etc. These diseases occur due to lack of calcium, phosphorous, collagen and other vitamins, minerals deficiency.

In addition, you can inherit some other types of diseases and the degenerative disorders. It is necessary to take proper care of diet control and exercises to keep your body fit and healthy.

Tips to Protect Your Bones

To maintain, strengthen and protect yourself there are few tips to follow.

  • Everybody should wear a helmet and protective pads or masks, while driving or involving in any sports activity.
  • To support the bones, consume the daily food items with balanced percentage of calcium and vitamin D content.
  • By practicing the weight bearing exercise like walking, jogging, climbing, dancing, and running there will be expansion and regular growth to strengthen your bones.
  • You should avoid alcohol consumption and smoking which results in the bone diseases like osteoporosis.

About the Author

Posted by: M. Isaac / Senior writer

A graduate in biological sciences and a PhD scholar (NCBA&E University, Lahore), M. Isaac combines his vast experience with a keen and critical eye to create practical and inherently engaging content on the human body. His background as a researcher and instructor at a secondary school enables him to best understand the needs of the beginner level learners and the amateur readers and educate them about how their body works, and how they can adopt a healthier lifestyle.

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